Friday, July 27, 2012

rare earths and beryllium mining companies and China

China's control makes expensive rare metals

China has launched a global competition for raw materials. The People's Republic of rare materials sourced worldwide and ensures its presence in Africa. Of them is convinced that German industry and raises an alarm. Rare metals such as gallium, germanium, beryllium, indium, magnesium, and platinum are essential in the production of high-tech products. Indium is required for RFID chips, germanium for the processors in cell phones and fiber optic cable. Solar cells require silicon, and gallium, lithium is essential for the battery in mobile phones and electric cars. Automotive industry, plant builders and environmentalists Maschinenund depend on the rare metals. Analysts expect that demand will exceed supply for the rare earths in 2012 to more than 30,000 to 50,000 metric tons, unless new plants are added.

One reason for the scarcity of high-tech materials is China. The People's Republic has imposed some of the important raw materials for drastic restrictions on exports. Therefore, the European Union has complained to the support of the Americans before the WTO. The Asian country is in a key position. 95 percent of the global reduction of the rare earths will be held in China. In the People's Republic Baotou Steel Rare Earth Hi-Tech, the dominant company and also the world's largest producer of rare metals.

mining for beryllium and other mineral commodities

Europe's fight for resources
The growing demand for commodities from developing countries. For mining in protected areas, the countries are now receiving money for reform programs. BY FRANCOIS Misser

Of rare earth elements (here: bismuth), there are more and more conflicts over distribution.
When accessing resources in developing countries with the most fingers pointed to China - but Europe is no less greedy. On Wednesday the European Commission, other EU institutions will present a European strategy on raw materials after the deadline was postponed last week - at the same time present a strategy to curb speculation in commodities. Europe wants to secure access to raw materials, emerging with a growing rivalry with China and others.
The draft strategy document, which is present Taz talks about increasing difficulties in securing raw materials. Prices had risen sharply due to growing demand from China, India and Brazil as well as the activities of speculators in the commodity derivatives markets. Beyond the financial aspects is the main topic of how Europe can provide in principle the future with enough raw materials. The European industry is dependent on imports for 14 minerals in a critical size, they say. When antimony, beryllium, germanium, indium, cobalt, magnesium, niobium, platinum, and tantalum, as well as the so-called rare earths, the import dependence 100 percent.

Saturday, December 3, 2011

IBC Advanced Alloys Finished first phase of drilling on the property Juab County beryllium

IBC Advanced Alloys Corp. (CVE: IB, FFT: JRB, OTCQX: IAALF) has
completed the first phase of drilling on the property in Juab County,
Utah, beryllium, USA, completed within the planned timeframe and
IBC's Juab County project is located near the Spor Mountain Beryllium
Mine owned by the Materion Corp., and includes 371 claims over 3102
In total, the company took 35 reverse circulation holes over 5,500
meters. During the initial exploration phase and 5250 rock samples
were collected, prepared for further analysis.
The first assay results will be presented in early 2012.
IBC is based in Vancouver, and factories in Indiana, Massachusetts,
Pennsylvania and Missouri. The company produces alloys based on rare
metals, for use in a wide range of applications. IBC's main product
line, Beralcast alloys find use in components including the nuclear,
aerospace and automotive industries.
The Juab County project will contribute to the research and
Enwicklungsbereich to strengthen the company, which deals with the
development of new alloys and optimization of nuclear fuels.
IBC has been working since 2008 with the Texas Engineering Experiment
Station and Purdue (TEES) in the development of new nuclear fuel rods.
Tests have shown that the addition of beryllium oxide fuel efficient
and to work longer than conventional fuel.

Strongest evidence of Tehran's bid for nuclear

Why should we simulate parts of nuclear weapons, if you will not build such a weapon? To interpret the IAEA that Tehran continued "activities that are relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive device.

There are not formulated entirely undiplomatic, but compared to earlier strikingly clear statements that makes the International Atomic Energy Agency on Tuesday with their published report on Iran's nuclear program.

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"Such experiments bring the high explosives in connection with nuclear material or nuclear material substitutes, are strong indications for possible weapons development. Iran must explain the rationale behind it first, "it says. Or: ". Is the application of such studies to something other than a nuclear explosive device is unclear for the IAEA" And where it was reported earlier years, they could "not exclude" a military nuclear program, there stands now: it had "serious concerns about a possible military dimension. " The information to be "total credibility" and point to that Tehran "activities continued to be relevant to the development of a nuclear explosive device - and that this, at least in part, persisted.

Accumulation of secondary importance only

Indeed, the focus of the IAEA reports on Iran, whose 1980 since the secret, "purely civilian" nuclear program in 2002 broke, shifted since 2005-06: went Previously it comes to international law illegal uranium enrichment plant in Natanz: There is raw uranium, one for the gas uranium hexafluoride (UF6) converts enhanced, so that his tiny proportion of natural increase of highly radioactive uranium-235 isotope. If the share-235U three to five percent, one can produce nuclear fuel rods through intermediate steps. With more than 85 percent has a raw material for atomic bombs.

Also, now is the enrichment, which Iran would stop due to resolutions of the UN Security Council, the speech. Natanz centrifuges are installed for around 8000, of which about 6200 "run", would face several hundred more elsewhere, mostly inactive. Previously to 4.9 tonnes have been produced low-enriched UF6, with small amounts of 20-percent uranium gas, about 74 kg. Experts say the total amount for the construction of some rich three bombs - a process that could not be completed within months.

The report focus changed when the IAEA on the Iran documents procured for the construction of hollow spheres of metallic 235U was: How does an A-bomb core. And the typical "accessories" that you need for the balls to make them explode, is clearer than before in the center.

Because it's about to "multipoint ignition systems": these are layers extremely fast-burning explosive that surrounds the ball and you ignite simultaneously at many points must be such that the pressure wave, the ball absolutely crushes uniform - ie the "critical mass" pressed their radioactivity triggers a chain reaction. Failing that, the nuclear explosion has only a fraction of its planned power, not because uranium ignites everything. This is called the "sizzle" (sizzle). With such systems, you may need to do other things, that Iran had worked.

But even at hyper-fast fuses, the "Exploding Bridge Wire Detonators" (EBW). The wires are laid in explosives. It leads into a strong current, they evaporate in a millionth of a second or less and the explosives ignite the uranium sphere. The IAEA notes that there are civilian applications for this, but this was the exception. EBW were first designed for the U.S. atomic bombs in 1945.

Skeptical make the IAEA information on the procurement of "neutron initiators", which are parts of some of polonium and beryllium, which one is inside the uranium sphere, in the explosion, they emit additional neutrons, they support the splitting of as many 235U nuclei.

How to simulate a bomb

At the most explosive, the places to "hydrodynamic" experiments, computer-aided modeling of the propagation of neutrons and "Project 111". In the former bomb cores are made of other materials reproduced, surrounded with explosives and ignited, so it simulates the behavior of "real" materials ("hydrodynamic" it is, since the metal is liquid at the explosion). When the neutron propagation is studied the spatial behavior of these particles, which drive the chain reaction. As "Project 111" studies operate to accommodate a load in the spherical head of a Shahab-3 medium-range missile.

At these points, Iran has largely denied to do it yourself, the alleged evidence was faked. The IAEA, however, it keeps for a very believable.

Australian mining company plans concretized in Pöhla region

Company Indo Gold Limited will seek to win minerals and
Pöhla. In Luchsbachtal at Pöhla it could again be mine - if it goes to
the Australian company Indo Gold Limited. The company, specializing
again exploring deposits wants to free mountain natural resources in
the Vogtland and Erzgebirge. In the area of ​​the hamlet Pöhla
Schwarzenberger, who belongs to the complex deposit Westerzgebirge,
the plans have become so specific that there is a program of work. The
city councils in the Technical Committee agreed now that the Higher
Mining Office Pöhla the Australians in the exploration for and
exploitation of mineral resources granted. Drilling and other work
must still be requested separately.
The list of minerals, the Indo explore and eventually wants to win is
long: tin, tungsten, beryllium, lead, boron, cadmium, iron, fluorspar,
germanium, gold, indium, copper, molybdenum, silver, bismuth and zinc.
"The really big mountain cry it is not safe," says Mayor Heidrun
Hiemer. "Because if that can be operated economically, must indeed be
seen." Before euphoria warns Frank Weißflog.
The chairman of the association's mining mining tin chambers Pöhla can
afford as a former Bi-Bergmann a verdict: "The staff at the visitors'
mine is certainly greater than the number of people who work with the
latest technology, perhaps even in Pöhla for Indo." At the same time
he points out that the narrow access road into the Luchsbachtal lined
in the lower range of residential real estate determined, ready for
problems. Generally, the information about the company and his
intentions were "unfortunately rather poor."
It is known that bismuth will be built at the old location a
processing plant, on the one renovated dump tailings dam site. To the
southeast are a water reservoir, at times planned an industrial
tailings. Partial installation of the lynx is the speech stream. Below
the existing water treatment plant warehouse, office and workshop are
All this makes local head Annelore sweetheart are sitting up. "By
mid-1991, bismuth ore is mined in Pöhla. Since then, extensive
renovations have gone under and above ground hope. I, that is
something created it remain." As she says, especially the mining
museum. At its preservation and further unrestricted operation because
the city has also established its consent.

Tuesday, July 6, 2010

beryllium book

BerylliumThe author's exposition on the uses of beryllium is my favorite part of this book, including its employment in the faking of rare orange-pink sapphires called `padparadscha.' Because of its atomic structure, Beryllium also played an important role in the discovery of the neutron by James Chadwick in 1932. Kudos to Mr. Adair for explaining in simple language why the foil of this element was a perfect choice for detecting these neutral sub-atomic particles.

Beryllium forms such remarkable alloys that it is used in "jets, gyroscopes, and jewelry, as well as in cameras, cell phones, golf clubs, watches, space telescopes, X-ray systems, trumpets and flutes, and nuclear reactors." This is an interesting book on an element that is unfamiliar to most of us.

  • Paperback: 52 pages
  • Publisher: Rosen Publishing Group (January 1, 2007)
  • Language: English
  • ISBN-10: 1435837800
  • ISBN-13: 978-1435837805
  • Product Dimensions: 11 x 8.5 x 0.1 inches
  • Shipping Weight: 5.1 ounces

Monday, November 24, 2008


This blog will contain information on Beryllium and its minerals and applications.